The Government of Karnataka is a democratically elected body. Karnataka follows a parliamentary system of government. It has two democratically elected houses- the Legislative Assembly and the Legislative Council. The Governor is the constitutional head of the state. The Chief Minister is the head of the government.
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Karnataka Government and Administration
The Governor is appointed by the President of India for a term of five years. The Governor appoints the Chief Minister and his/her council of ministers. The Governor enjoys various types of powers, such as:
- Executive powers: Powers related to administration, appointments and removals
- Legislative powers: Powersrelated to law-making and the state legislature
- Discretionary powers: Powersto be carried out according to the discretion of the Governor
The Chief Minister is selected by the ruling party members of the Legislative Assembly. Though the Governor is the constitutional head of the state, it is the Chief Minister and his council of ministers who exercise most of the executive powers.
The secretariat is headed by the Secretary to the Governor. The secretary assists the council of ministers. The Council of Ministers comprises of cabinet ministers, ministers of state and deputy ministers. The Chief Minister is assisted by the Chief Secretary, who is the head of the administrative services.
The people of Karnataka elect 28 members to the lower house of the Indian Parliament or the Lok Sabha. The members of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly elect 12 members to the upper house of the Indian Parliament or the Rajya Sabha.
Administrative Divisions in Government of Karnataka
For smooth administration Karnataka is divided into:
- Four administrative or revenue divisions
- 49 sub-divisions
- 30 districts
- 220 taluks
- 747 hoblies or revenue circles
- 5,628 gram panchayats
There are 281 towns and 7 municipal corporations in Karnataka. Bangalore is the capital of Karnataka. It is the only metropolis in Karnataka and one of the fastest growing cities in the world.
The Karnataka legislature is bicameral legislature. It means the legislators are divided into two separate houses called the Karnataka Legislative Assembly and the Karnataka Legislative Council.
The Karnataka Legislative Assembly consists of 224 members. It is also known as the Vidhan Sabha or the lower house. The members of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly are directly elected by eligible voters who are above 18 years of age.
One member of the Legislative Assembly is nominated by the Governor of the state to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The term of the Legislative Assembly members is five years. Karnataka is divided into 225 constituencies and each constituency elects one member of the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Legislative Assembly are known as MLAs.
The main function of the Legislative Assembly is to pass laws and rules. Every bill passed by the lower house must be approved by the Governor before it can become applicable.
The Karnataka Legislative Council consists of 75 members. It is also known as the Vidhan Parishad or the upper house. The Council is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The members of the Karnataka Legislative Council are indirectly elected by members of local bodies, teachers and graduates.
One-third of the members are also elected by the Karnataka Legislative Assembly members. One-sixth of the members are nominated by the Governor of Karnataka. The term of an elected member of the Karnataka Legislative Council is six years. One-third of the Council’s members, i.e. 25 members retire every two years. The members of the Legislative Council are known as MLCs.
Elections in Karnataka
Elections in Karnataka are conducted by the Election Commission of India.
Chief Minister of Karnataka
At present the Chief Minister of Karnataka is Siddaramaiah.
Karnataka Panchayat Raj
Panchayat Raj in Karnataka is a three-tier system that has elected bodies at the district, taluk and village levels. It is effective for smooth execution of rural development programmes. Gram Panchayat exists for a village or group of villages, at taluk level and the Zilla Panchayat at the district level.
All these institutions have elected representatives. The government has no power to nominate members to any of these councils.
A district is an administrative unit. It is headed by a Deputy Commissioner or District Magistrate, an officer who belongs to the Indian Administrative Service. The district magistrate or the deputy commissioner is helped by several officers who belong to the Karnataka Civil Service and other Karnataka State Services.
Every district has a Superintendent of Police, an officer belonging to the Indian Police Service, who is responsible for maintaining the law and order and other related issues of the district. He gets assistance from the officers of the Karnataka Police Service and other Karnataka Police officials.
Each of the districts is assigned a Deputy Conservator of Forests, an officer belonging to the Indian Forest Service, who is entrusted the responsibility of managing the forests, the environment and wild-life of the district. He receives assistance from the officers of the Karnataka Forest Service and other Karnataka Forest officials and Karnataka wildlife officials.
The responsibility of Sectorial development lies with the district head of each development department such as Agriculture, Education, Health, PWD, Animal husbandry, etc. These officers belong to the various state services.
Police Administration in Karnataka
Karnataka has been divided into 20 police districts, 77 sub-divisions and 178 circles. There are 5 Police Commissioners at Bangalore, Mysore, Mangalore, Belgaum and Hubli-Dharwar cities. Karnataka has 696 police stations and 317 police outposts.
To maintain law and order in the state there are:
- Criminal Investigation Department (Forest Cell, Anti-Dowry Cell, etc.)
- Dog Squad
- Civil Rights Enforcement Wing
- Police Wireless and Police Motor Transport Organization and special units
There are also Village Defence Parties to offer protection to people and property in the villages. These Village Defence Parties also assist the police when required. The police force is sometimes supplemented by Home Guards.
- 12 Cities in Karnataka get a name change
- Smart Cities in Karnataka
- State Government News
- Links to Govt sites
- Akarma turns Sakarma (fixing building violations)
- Bangalore One Service Centre
- Birth/Death/Marriage Certificate
- Chief Ministers of Karnataka
- Oppostion Leaders (Assembly)
- Speakers of Assembly
- Council Of Ministers
- Jagadish Shettar’s Council Of Ministers (2012)
- D V Sadananda Gowda’s Council Of Ministers (2011)
- B S Yeddyurappa’s Council Of Ministers (2008)
- HDK’s Council of Ministers (2006)
- Dharam Singh’s Council Of Ministers (2005)
- SM Krishna’s Council Of Ministers (2004)
- E-stamp paper
- Global Investors Meet 2010 (GIM)
- Governors of Karnataka
- Karnataka State Govt Holidays: 2016, 2015
- KHAJANE: Karnataka State Online Treasury System
- Judiciary in Karnataka
- Property Tax Payment Online
- Tumkur One