The estimated popuplation of BBMP’s 198 wards as per the 2011 census is 84.74 lakhs (8.474 million), up from 45.92 lakh in 2001. The population of men and women is 44 lakh and 40 lakh respectively. Since the population is below 1 crore (10 million), Bangalore remains a B class city.
The average birth rate before 2007 was 55,000 per year, post 2007 it is 135,000 per year. The average death rate before 2007 was one third of the birth rate, post 2007 it is 40,000 per year.
The population density in Bangalore has risen 47% in the past decade as job opportunities and economic growth have attraced people to Bangalore. The number of people living per square kilometre in the city has increased to 4,378 in 2011 from 2,985 in 2001, according to the census data released by Karnataka’s directorate of census operations.
The second highest densely populated region in the state is Dakshina Kannada (Mangalore), which has 416 people per sq km. The average population density of Karnataka is 319, while the national average is 382. One in ever six persons in Karnataka lives in Bangalore.
Population density in Tier-II cities such as Mysore, Belgaum, Mangalore and Shimoga have declined.
Seven neighbouring city municipal councils, a municpal town and 110 villages were merged into Bangalore in 2007.
Slower Population Growth
Karnataka’s population rose 15.7% in the past decade (2001-2011) compared with 17.5% increase from 1991 to 2001. The growth is also slower than the national increase of 17.6% for the period of 2001-2011.
According to 2011 census Karnataka’s population is 6.11 crore (61.1 million). Between Feb 9 and 28 in 2011, over 1 lakh enumerators went knocking on some 1.2 crore houses across 29,340 villages, 220 towns and 22 urban agglomerates, asking 29 questions in Karnataka. For the first time, GIS maps were deployed in Bangalore.
Bangalore has 908 women for every 1,000 men. The average sex ration in India is 950. Smaller cities like Udupi, Kodagu, Dakshina Kannada, Hassan and Chikmagalur have sex ratio of more than 1,000 women for every 1,000 men. Gender ratio in Karnataka in 2011 is 968.
The literacy rate of the state has increased to 75.6% in 2011, ranking 9th in India from 66.6% in 2001.