Social Welfare Measures
- Family Welfare ServicesIn 1964 Family Planning Bureau was formed at each District Headquarters to coordinate the family welfare activity. Facilities have been provided in all medical institutions for conducting vasectomy, tubectomy, laproscopic operations and IUD placements. Intensive propaganda through lectures, film shows, exhibitions, publicity, literature etc., are conducted throughout the state to popularize the programmes.
- Labour Welfare
The Labour Department headed by the Labour Commissioner is responsible for implementing Labour Welfare Schemes. The main functions of this department are:
- Prevention of strikes, lockouts, settlement of industrial dispute and maintenance of industrial peace and harmony
in the State
- Administration and enforcement of various Central and State Labour laws and rules
- Fixing minimum wages for various scheduled employments under the Minimum Wages Act
- Popularization of Worker’s Education Scheme and enforcement of recreational activities among workers through welfare centres
Employees State Insurance (ESI) Scheme, introduced in the year 1952, provides:
- Medical benefit in kind
- Sickness benefit
- Maternity benefit
- Disability benefit
- Dependents Benefit and
- Funeral Benefit, all in cash.
Karnataka is the first State in the country to extend full medical care to families of insured persons.
- Trade Union Movement
In order to create awareness in the minds of both management and workers about safety, health and welfare while working in factories, the Department of Factories and Boilers headed by the Chief Inspector of Factories and Boilers is functioning in the State.
- Women and Child Welfare
In order to implement various welfare programmes for the benefit of women and children, the Women and Child Development Department is assigned the responsibility of implementing the following welfare schemes:
- Implementing social legislation like:
- Child Marriage Act 1929
- Probation of Offenders Act, 1958
- Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961
- Devadasi (Prohibition of Dedication) Act, 1982
- Juvenile Justice Act 1986, and
- Suppression of Immoral Traffic (Amended) Act 1986
- Reservations for women in Karnataka (Panchayat Raj Act 1983)
In order to promote child welfare:
- The Integrated Child Development Services Programme (ICDS) provides a package of supplementary nutrition, immunization, health check-up, referral services, treatment of minor illness, nutrition , health education, and pre-school education .
- Orphanages provide support and care to orphan children .
- Special Nutrition Programmes to children and nursing mothers
- Financial assistance for the education of the children of prostitutes, Devadasis and prisoners whose family income does not exceed Rs. 15,000 per annum
- Welfare of the Disabled Population
Organizations working for the welfare of the handicapped, both physically and mentally, have been offered assistance by UNICEF .
- The Cheshire Homes, India have branches in Mangalore and Bangalore where residential accommodation is provided for the disabled.
- Schools for the deaf and dumb, blind children are functioning in all major cities and towns.
- The vocational rehabilitation centre of the Government of India, functioning in Bangalore, is providing vocational training to the disabled persons.
- The Government of India as well as the Government of Karnataka have instituted an award for outstanding work for the cause of disabled institutions and individuals every year.