Named after the deity Mangaladevi, Mangalore is the headquarters of the Dakshina Kannada district. It is also Karnataka’s chief port city. 75% of India’s cashew and coffee exports pass through Mangalore’s ports. The city is also known as the gateway to Karnataka and is the only city in the state to boast of connectivity by road, railways, air and sea. The city covers an area of 184sqkm.
History Of Mangalore
Mangalore was ruled by a succession of rulers before the Portuguese. It was eventually annexed by the Britishers in 1799 as a part of the Madras Presidency. The city became part of Mysore in 1956. Later, the state of Mysore was renamed as Karnataka.
Demographics Of Mangalore District
According to the 2011 national census of India, the urban population of Mangalore was about 6,23,841.At the time, the male literacy rate was 96.49%, while the female literacy rate was estimated at 91.63%.
The languages spoken here include Kannada, Tulu, Konkani, English and Hindi. Hinduism is the main religion of the area followed by Islam and Christianity.
Economy Of Mangalore District
Mangalore is the second largest business destination in the Tulu Nadu part of Karnataka. The key economic interests here revolve around agricultural processing, cargo handling, ship building, petrochemicals and other commercial industries.
A number of IT firms have also set up offices in Mangalore. Fishing is one of the traditional occupations here. One of India’s oldest red roof tile manufacturing factories, the Albuquerque tile factory is located in Mangalore.
Administration Of Mangalore District
The civic and infrastructural assets of the city are taken care of by the Mangalore City Corporation (MCC). It is headed byb the Mayor and comprises of 60 corporators or elected representatives.
Each corporator represents one ward in the city. On the national level, Mangalore is represented by 1MP. The city also sends 3 MLAs to the Karnataka state legislative assembly.