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About Karnataka Government

    Categories: Government

Karnataka is a state belonging to the South-west of India with a democratic government running the state. The elected body runs the administration of Karnataka with a Governor appointed as the constitutional head. The Governor is appointed for a five-year tenure will appoint the Chief Minister and even his council of members. The Governor holds the ceremonial head of the function to dictate the oaths to the ministers who are appointed.

Seal of Karnataka. Image courtesy AreJay

The elected ministers are given many legislative authorities ordained by the government of Karnataka with the Chief Minister heading the Government. The Chief Minister heads the government from the Vidhan Soudha, which is the seat of the Karnataka Government.

Governor:  Vajubhai Vala                       

Chief Minister: Siddharamaiah

Administrative Divisions of Karnataka and the Government

The president appoints the Governor for five years. The Governor appoints the Chief Minister and other ministers in the council. The Governor enjoys various types of powers, such as:

  • Executive powers: Powers related to administration, appointments, and removals
  • Legislative powers: Powers related to law-making and the state legislature
  • Discretionary powers: Powers to be carried out per the discretion of the Governor

The Chief Minister is selected by the ruling party members of the Legislative Assembly. Though the Governor is the constitutional head of the state, it is the Chief Minister and his council of ministers who exercise most of the executive powers.

The secretariat is headed by the Secretary to the Governor. The secretary assists the council of ministers. The Council of Ministers comprises of ministers of state, cabinet ministers, deputy ministers. The Chief Secretary, the head of the administrative services, assists the Chief Minister in running the state.

The people of Karnataka elect 28 members to the lower house of the Indian Parliament or the Lok Sabha. The MLAs elect 12 members to the upper house of the Indian Parliament or the Rajya Sabha.

For ease of administration Karnataka state is divided into:

  • Four administrative or revenue divisions
  • 49 sub-divisions
  • 30 districts
  • 220 taluks
  • 747 hoblies or revenue circles
  • 5,628 grama panchayats

Bangalore being the capital city becomes the fifth largest urban conglomerate out of all the 23 metropolis conglomerate cities in India and one of the fastest growing city.

Karnataka Legislature

Speaker: K.B. Koliwad

Karnataka Legislative Council Chairman: D.H Shankaramurthy

Karnataka state legislature is bilateral and consists of a Legislative Assembly and a Legislative Council. The Legislative assembly contains 225 members which are elected by the governor to represent the Anglo-Indian community. The term of office of elected representatives is five years and the term of council members is 6 years, of which one-third of the council members retire every two years.

The Legislative Assembly has  224 members. The assembly is known as the lower house or the Vidhan Sabha. The members of the Karnataka Legislative Assembly are directly elected by eligible voters who are above 18 years of age.

The Governor nominates one member of the assembly as the representative of the Anglo-Indian community. The term of the Legislative Assembly members is five years. Karnataka is divided into 225 constituencies and each constituency elects one member of the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Legislative Assembly are known as MLAs.

It is the Legislative Assembly that passes laws. The bills that are passed by the Vidhan Sabha must be sanctioned by the Governor before they become official.

The Karnataka Legislative Council consists of 75 members. It is also known as the Vidhan Parishad or the upper house. The Council is a permanent body and cannot be dissolved. The members of the Karnataka Legislative Council are indirectly elected by members of local bodies, teachers, and graduates.

One-third of the members are also elected by the Karnataka Legislative Assembly members. One-sixth of the members are nominated by the Governor of Karnataka. The term of an elected member of the Karnataka Legislative Council is six years. One-third of the Council’s members, i.e. 25 members retire every two years. The members of the Legislative Council are known as MLCs.

Karnataka Judiciary

The highest judiciary is entrusted with the Karnataka Hight Court headed by the Chief Justice authorized by the Constitution of India.

Current Chief Justice: Subhro Kamal Mukherjee

The state parliament is bicameral and consists of the Legislative Council and the Legislative Assembly. To represent the Anglo-Indian community the governor nominates one of the members to the legislative council which has 224 members. The course of office of the members is five years and the time span of a member elected to the council is six years. One-third of the permanent body of the Legislative Council retires every two years

Elections in Karnataka

Elections in the state are conducted by the Election Commission of India.

Chief Minister: Siddharamaiah

With chief minister Siddharamaiah heading the government, the current ministers running the Karnataka government includes the following list of ministers.

Department

Minister

Chief minister (handles portfolios such as  Finance, Cabinet Affairs, Intelligence Wing, Personnel and Administrative Reforms, Bangalore City Development, Housing) Siddaramaiah
Transport Ramalinga Reddy
Home Dr. G. Parmeshwar
Panchayat Raj and Rural Development H. K. Patil
Ecology & Environment Department, Forest, Ramanath Rai
Infrastructure Development, Large & Medium Scale Industries, R. V. Deshapande
Energy D. K Shivakumar
Higher Education Rayareddy
Basavaraj
Horticulture and Agricultural marketing S Mallikarjun
Ports & Inland Transport, Public Works Department Dr.H. C. Mahadevappa
Public Enterprises, Municipalities & local bodies Eshwara
Khandre
Bhimanna
Revenue Kagodu Thimmappa
Planning and Statistics, BT, IT, Science and Technology M. R. Seetharam
Medical Education Dr. Sharan Prakash Patil
Social Welfare (Minority Welfare excluded), Backward Classes H. Anjaneya
Small Scale Industries Ramesh Jarkiholi
Textiles and Muzrai Rudrappa Manappa Lamani
Health and Family Welfare (Medical Education excluded) K.R.Ramesh Kumar
Urban development (Bangalore not included), KUWSDB & KUIDFC, Urban Land Transport, City Corporations (excluding BBMP), Haj Information & Wakf R. Roshan Baig
Minority Welfare ,Primary and Secondary Education Tanveer Sait
Labour Santosh Lad
Excise Meti Hullappa Yamanappa
Medium and Major Irrigation M. B. Patil
Minor Irrigation, Law & Justice, Parliamentary Affairs T.B. Jayachandra
Consumer Affairs, Food and Civil Supplies U. T. Khader
Sugar (Agriculture Marketing excluded) and Co-operation H. S. Mahadeva Prasad
Agriculture Krishna Byre Gowda
Women & Child Welfare, Kannada & Culture, Umashree
Mines and Geology Vinay Kulkarni
Sports, Youth Services, Fisheries , Pramodh Madhvaraj
Science & Technology, Tourism Priyank M. Kharge
Animal Husbandry, Sericulture, A. Manju

Karnataka Panchayat Raj

Karnataka Panchayat rule is a ranking system of elected bodies in the state at the village, taluk and district levels respectively. It ensures greater participation of people and more effective implementation of development programs for the rural area. For a village or group of villages, there will be a Grama Panchayat, a taluk level and at the district level the Zilla Panchayat.

All the three institutions will have voted in representatives and there is no provision for nomination by the government.

Executives at the district level

The executive is headed a deputy commissioner or district magistrate. A number of officers from the Karnataka Civil Service or Karnataka state services helps the deputy commissioner or the district magistrate. A Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP), is in charge of maintaining law and order and of the district.

The commissioner is assisted by the officers of the Karnataka Police Service or the Karnataka Police officials. There are others officers belonging to the state services who take care of various aspects in the state. The deputy conservator of forests preserves the forests and wildlife-related issues and concerns. The officer is from the Indian Forests service.

Most of the sector-wise development is considered by a group of officials like the Education, PWD, Agriculture, Health, Animal Husbandry etc.

Police cap. Image courtesy Truth

Law Enforcement in Karnataka

Karnataka state is divided into 20 police districts which have 77 sub-divisions which include 178 circles. Around 5 Police Commissioners at Bangalore, Belgaum, Mangalore, Mysore and Hubli-Dharwar cities. Karnataka has a total of 696 police stations with 317 police outposts.

To maintain law and order in the state there are:

  • Civil Rights Enforcement Wing
  • Criminal Investigation Department (Forest Cell, Anti-Dowry Cell, etc.)
  • Police Wireless and Police Motor Transport Organization and special units
  • Dog Squad

The Villages are protected by the Village Defense Parties. They also assist the police when required. If required, the police force is reinforced by Home Guards.

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