Geographically, Bidar is about 80 miles from Hyderabad – the capital of Andhra Pradesh. It is at a similar distance from the district of Gulbarga . It is 735 kms from Bangalore.
Bidar district is a dry place and is one of the worst draught-prone districts’ in Karnataka. The district headquarter, Bidar, is a small town, with a majority Muslim population. Historically, Bidar was a part of the Bahamani Kingdom which comprised of Bijapur, Gulbarga, Bidar, Golconda, and Birar. The ruler of Bidar was Barid Shah. Bidar was later ruled by the Nizams of Hyderabad. After the formation of Karnataka, Bidar was brought under Karnataka State.
Bidar was not industrialized for a very long time and only recently, Bidar has seen the arrival of several induatrial centers. There is an Engineering college run by the Sikh trust in the town.
Additionaly, there are several other educational institutions (managed by both Christian Missionaries and other communities). There is an Indian Air Force station in Bidar, which was the Elementary Flying School (this has now been transferred to Secunderabad). The main occupation of the people here is agriculture. Sugarcane, Jowar and wheat are the main crops.